If you haven’t bought your cat for breeding, then I will strongly recommend you to get the cat neutered. To neuter a cat is only a minor surgery under anesthesia, which includes removing the testicles of the male cat and removing the uterus and ovaries of a female cat.
A female cat who is not neutered, will be sexually mature when it is between 6-12 months old (it is seen both younger and older tho). Female cats are seasonally polyestrous, which means they may come into heat every month from January to October, after it has become sexually mature, and will continue untill it’s mated or neutered. Indoor cats may even be in heat during winter too, due to the artificial lighting.
When a female cat is in heat, you will typically find it to be extremely cuddly, very loud and even calling. Some female cats eat less and stress a lot during the heat. Some of them even spray as fertile male cats when they are in heat (something that can easily become a bad habit they will continue to do outside of heat too)
If your female cat is free running and in heat, then you can be pretty sure that she will run out and get mated with several males. That alone might not sound scary, but you have to remember that if you let your female cat be mated by random males, no one actually know anything about his temperament and absolutely nothing about what diseases the male carries on, I refer both to his genes, but definitely also diseases such as cat AIDS and feline leukemia as partly transmitted by mating and bite.
You can choose to use birth control pills instead of neutering, but I would strongly advise against that. It is not a long-term and sustainable solution, having a cat on birthcontrol pills, as they may be thrown up, and females who get the pill for a longer period, have a high risk of developing mammary tumors and uterine infections. At the same time the birthcontrol pills in the long run, actually is more expensive option than neutering.
A male cat who is not neutered, will become sexually mature when he is between 6-10 months (also seen younger and older). A male cat who is becoming sexually mature, is often very territorial and make others aware of its territory by spraying. When a male cat is spraying, he is standing with his behind towards the thing he is spraying on, with his tail up and spray out a small amount of urine. It can be on walls, doors, furniture, your bed – yes, on everything he believes is a part of his little kingdom. Male cat urine does not smell good, it stinks. In addition, most males when they are not allowed to mate, become stressed, walk around and call for females and some of them also become aggressive toward its owner.
If you let him run free while he is fertile, you expose him to the risk of coming home with a lot of nasty diseases who are contagious, either through sexual contact or bites. And especially bites is something to consider. Fertile males have a fairly large territory and they fight with other males for territory and females who are in the area. They often roam large areas after females – only guided by natural instincts and they live a really dangerous life in relation to traffic and other cats.
In addition to cancer of the testicles, fertile males also have an increased risk – compared to neutered cats – of developing cancer of the prostate.
When can you neuter?
Some vets recommend a particular age or weight before they will perform the surgery. This mostly have something to do with the fact that they don’t all have the required equipment or expertise to perform the surgery on kittens.
However, there are major benefits of early neutering.
First of all, it evidently that kittens more quickly recover from anesthesia than do older cats do. And there’s a reason for this. When a cat comes out of anesthesia, the anaesthesia degrades two places in the body – through the liver and through the fat tissue. And kittens 12 weeks old have less fat tissue than an older cats and that is making it easier and faster for a kitten to recover from anesthesia and be up and running again.
In addition, it is also much less stressful for a kitten, if the breeder takes the entire litter together to the vet and get them neutered.
Then they can come home and recover in familiar surroundings and get ready for their new life in their new homes with the least stress as possible.
Our kittens will be neutered before they move. We wish to spare you the inconvenience, worries and cost of neutering, so you can just sit back and look forward to getting your new little family member home.